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Stories of Minnesota's Black Pioneers Making A Home   Making A Change
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Carlson, Peggie. The Girls are Coming. Minnesota Historical Society Press, 1999.

Davis, W. Harry. Changemaker. Afton Historical Society Press, Afton, MN 2003.

_____________. Overcoming: The Autobiography of W. Harry Davis. Afton Historical SocietyPress, Afton, MN 2002.

Delton, Jennifer. "Labor, Politics, and African American Identity in Minneapolis, 1930-50." Minnesota History. 57/8 (Winter 2001-2002).

Edwards, Ronald. A. The Minneapolis story, Through My Eyes:The Words and Experience of a Renaissance Black Man in a White Man's World. Beacon on the Hill Press, Portland, OR, 2002.

Fairbanks, Evelyn. The Days of Rondo. Minnesota Historical Society Press, 1990.

George, Stephen. Enterprising Minnesotans: 150 Years of Business Pioneers. University of Minnesota Press, 2003.

Green, William D. "Race and Segregation in St. Paul's Public Schools, 1846-1869." Minnesota History. Vol. 55, no. 4 (Winter 1996- 1997).

Henderson, Judy M. African-American Music in Minnesota. Minnesota Historical Society Press, 1994.

Henehan, Brendan. "The Minnesota Black Newspaper Index." Minnesota Historical Society, 2002. Available online at: Minnesota Historical Society

Meier, August and Rudnich, Elliot. From Plantation to Ghetto. Hall and Wang, New York, 1976.

Parks, Gordon. A Choice of Weapons. Minnesota Historical Society Press, 1986.

Rowan, Carl Thomas. Breaking barriers : a memoir. Little, Brown, c1991.

Spangler, Earl. The Negro in Minnesota. T.S. Denison & Company, Inc, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 1961.

Swain, Gwenyth. Dred and Harriet Scott: A Family's Struggle for Freedom. Minnesota Historical Society Press, 2004.

Taylor, David Vassar. African Americans in Minnesota, Minnesota Historical Society Press, 2002.

_________________. Blacks in Minnesota: A Preliminary Guide to Historical Sources. Minnesota Historical Society, 1976.

Taylor, David Vassar, with Paul Clifford Larson. Cap Wigington: An Architectural Legacy in Ice and Stone. Minnesota Historical Society Press, 2001.

Wilkins, Roy. An Autobiography of Roy Wilkins: Standing Fast. Penguin Books, New York, 1984.

Prince Honeycutt: Prince of Fergus Falls

Johnson, Lance E. The Great Fergus Falls, Minnesota, Cyclone on June 22, 1919. Victor Lundeen Co., Fergus Falls, MN, 1982.

Johnson, Nellie Stone. Nellie Stone Johnson: The Life of an Activist. Ruminator Press, St. Paul, 2000.

Robert Hickman: Pilgrim's Progress

Lincoln, C. Eric. The Black church in the African American experience. Duke University Press, 1990.

Pilgrim Baptist Church, St. Paul, Minnesota, 125 Anniversary Book, 1963-1988. Walsworth Pub. Co., Marceline, Mo., 1988.

Duluth Lynchings: Presence of the Past

Bessler, John D. Legacy of Violence: Lynch Mobs and Executions in Minnesota. University of Minnesota Press, 2003.

Fedo, Michael. The Lynchings in Duluth. Minnesota Historical Society Press, 2000.

Green, William F. "'To Remove the Stain': The Trial of the Duluth Lynchers." Minnesota History. 59/1 (Spring 2004).

Markovitz, Jonathan. Legacies of Lynching: Racial Violence and Memory. University of Minnesota Press, 2004.

Ziebarth, Marilyn. "Judge Lynch in Minnesota." Minnesota History. Vol. 55/2 (Summer 1996).

"Clayton, Jackson, McGhie Memorial Committee"

"The Duluth Lynchings Online Resource"

Lena Smith: Fearless and from the West

Juergens, Ann. "Lena Olive Smith: A Minnesota Civil Rights Pioneer." William Mitchell Law Review, Vol 28, no. 1 (2001)

Sluss, Jaqueline. "Lena Olive Smith: Civil Rights in the 1930s." Hennepin History, Vol. 54, no. 1 (1995).

Emily Grey: On the Side of Freedom

Farr, Joseph and Swanson, Deborah, ed. "Joseph Farr Remembers the Underground Railroad in St. Paul." Minnesota History. 57/3 (Fall 2000).

Green, William D. "Eliza Winston and the Politics of Freedom in Minnesota, 1854-60." Minnesota History. 57/3 (Fall 2000).

Grey, Emily O. Goodridge and Harpole, Patricia, ed. "The Black Community in Territorial St. Anthony." Minnesota History. 49/1 (Summer 1984).

Hess, Jeffery A., Dred Scott: From Fort Snelling to Freedom. Minnesota Historical Society, 1975.

Mary D. Cannon, Mary D. and Harpole, Patricia C. "A Day in the Life of Emily Goodridge Grey." Minnesota History. Vol. 56/4 (Winter 1998-99).

Petry, Ann. Harriet Tubman: Conductor on the Underground Railroad. Pocket Books, New York, 1971.

Fred Jones: Hallock's Handyman

Ott, Virginia and Swanson, Gloria. Man with a Million Ideas : Fred Jones, Genius/Inventor. Lerner Publications, Minneapolis, Minn. 1977.

March on Washington: Minnesotans March

Delton, Jennifer A. Making Minnesota Liberal: Civil Rights and the Transformation of the Democratic Party. University of Minnesota Press, 2002.

March on Washington: Minnesotans March

Bass, Patrik Henry. Like a mighty stream: the March on Washington, August 28, 1963. Running Press, c2002.

George Bonga: This is His Place

Bonga, George. "The Letters of George Bonga." Journal of Negro History, Vol. 12, no. 1 (Jan 1927.)

Katz, William Loren. Black Indians: A Hidden Heritage. Atheneum Books for Young Readers, New York, 1986.

Harry Shepherd: Portrait of Progress

Search the Visual Resource Database at the Minnesota Historical Society for examples of Harry Shepherd's

Anna Arnold & Ethel Ray: Renaissance Women

Hedgeman, Anna Arnold. The Trumpet Sounds: A Memoir of Negro Leadership. Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York, 1964.

___________________. The Gift of Chaos: Decades of American Discontent. Oxford University Press, New York, 1977.

Minnesota Black History Project. Oral Interviews of the Minnesota Black History Project, 1970-1975. Minnesota Historical Society.

Nance, Ethel Ray. Ethel Ray Nance Papers, 1895-1979. Minnesota Historical Society.

Fredrick McGhee: Our Able Attorney

Nelson, Paul D. Fredrick L. McGhee: A Life on the Color Line, 1861-1912. Minnesota Historical Society Press, 2002.

Nelson, Paul D. "Which One is Houston Osborne? Research Fails to Provide the Answer." Ramsey County History, Vol. 37, no.2 (Summer 2002).

Casiville Bullard and Billy Williams: Capitol Pillars

Britts, Maurice W., Billy Williams: Minnesota's Assistant Governor. North Star Press, 1977.

Weber, Laura E. "The House that Bullard Built." Minnesota History. 59/2 (Summer 2004).

Remember Rondo: A Tradition of Excellence. Remember Rondo Committee, St. Paul, MN, 1995.

Senate Media Services. "Discover the Capitol." Video Recording, Minnesota Senate Media Services, 2002.

Resources on Teaching about
Diversity and Tolerance

There are many other resources for learning and teaching about race and diversity. Contact your school's curriculum advisor or diversity advisor for additional ideas, or consider the following resources:

Adams, Maurieanne, et al. Teaching for Diversity and Social Justice: A Sourcebook for Teachers and Trainers. Routledge, 1997.

Banks, James A., and Banks, Cherry A. McGee, eds. Multicultural Education: Issues and Perspectives. Wiley Text Books, 2002.

Delpit, Lisa. Other People's Children: Cultural Conflict in the Classroom. New Press, 1996.

Derman-Sparks, Louise. Anti-Bias Curriculum: Tools for Empowering Young Children. National Association for the Education of Young Children, Washington, D.C, 1989.

Howard, Gary R. We Can't Teach What We Don't Know: White Teachers, Multiracial Schools. Teachers College Press, 1999.

Ladson-Billings, Gloria. The Dreamkeepers: Successful Teachers of African American Children. Jossey-Bass, 1997.

Perry, Theresa et al. Young, Gifted, and Black: Promoting High Achievement Among African American Students. Beacon Press, 2004.

"Teaching Tolerance Magazine" and

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